Wuts In Your Guts? The Microbiome

Hello folks, Dr. Michael Breen here with the Healthy Transformations program and you’re on healthytransformations.ca. Just wanted to spend a couple minutes talking to you about truly one of the most fascinating areas of contemporary science that we’re dealing with and that is the topic of the microbiome. Microbiome refers to the constellation of microorganisms that exist in and on our body but particularly microbiome makes reference to the microorganisms that exist in our gastrointestinal tract. Volume is a very interesting thing to consider. It’s estimated that a human body has about 10 trillion cells. That’s a lot of cells that make up the human body, and yet the number of microorganisms, depending on which research and who you listen to, the microbiome may in fact have 100 trillion microorganisms. So there’s 10 times as many bugs or critters on us or in us as there is human cells. So the really forward-thing science editorial people are saying, who’s in charge here? What is actually driving health? What’s driving disease? What’s controlling our physiology? It may be in fact that the microorganisms have more to do with this than what we’ve ever thought possible.

One of the other things that’s really interesting to me is that many of these organisms, bacteria, have DNA and the DNA that they have represents 99% of the total genetic influence that exists in our bodies. So we used to think that our genes determined our outcome. We know now that that’s not true but it might actually even be that it’s the genes of the bugs that are determining our outcome. Bottom line is this. Having a healthy microbiome is fundamentally important to having optimal health. If you’re not doing the things that are required to optimize your microbiome, then you can’t be possibly as healthy as you may want to be. What are those things, what do you do? Well, the whole model of taking probiotics has been one of them. That’s the consumption of these bugs and that’s been around for a long time but it certainly is gaining steam. I can tell you this, that the bugs that are in your gut and in mine eat the food that we eat. So what goes between my lips and goes down, the bugs get first dibs at it and if the food that I’m eating is lousy food, then the bugs are gonna produce lousy outcomes and if the food that I eat is really good, then the microbiome will take that good food and turn it into all kinds of remarkable chemicals that actually lead to terrifically good health outcomes. So the Healthy Transformations program actually addresses this as part of the dietary modeling that we use. If you’d like to learn more about the Healthy Transformations program, go to the website and try to attend one of our workshops. We have a few more to go in December, in January. Our class fills up really rapidly but we’d love to have you join us and learn more about how a healthy microbiome can drive health in you and your family.

How to Deal with Food Cravings

Four Ways To Finally Kill Your Food Cravings

You’re sitting at your desk going on and about your daily activities when suddenly, out of nowhere, you’re overwhelmed with the need and urgent desire to devour a full plate of salty French fries. Your mind couldn’t stop thinking about the treat. So you think “maybe I’ll have just a bite. Or maybe I’ll eat all of it and skip dinner later tonight”. Life will be a lot easier if our mind is wired to crave healthy food, but it’s a daily struggle to hold ourselves from junk food. The problem arises when you have little to no control over your craving on a daily basis, you’re basically setting yourself up for serious health issues like heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, etc. Every time you give in to a craving you re-enforce the neural pathway to eat this way. Meaning, it makes it more difficult to stop giving into the cravings. You don’t have to go down this road, food cravings do not have to rule your life, and there are scientifically backed methods to deal with cravings effectively.  There are four schools of thought on dealing with cravings and I suggest you implement parts of them all.

#1 Distract Yourself

The first is to distract yourself with another activity (walking, reading, TV, etc.). TV usually isn’t the best choice if you associate TV with mindless eating. You can also take a series of deep breaths, do a quick workout, dance to an upbeat song, take a brisk walk or even jog. Exercise has been shown to release Dopamine the “feel good” hormone that can actually help suppress the craving.  To be honest with you, this is more of a short term tactic and doesn’t often create lasting results BUT it can still be useful.

In a study recently conducted, researchers found out that spending at least 10 seconds thinking about something else apart from the cravings actually works effectively in getting rid of the craving altogether. Moreover, cravings usually last about 10 minutes, so distracting yourself by engaging in a visually interesting game interferes with the mental processes that support that craving. Jackie Andrade a psychology professor at the University of Plymouth pointed out that such visually engaging activity like playing a game on your phone can actually reduce your carving levels to about 20 percent. He concluded by saying it’s difficult to think about something vividly while simultaneously engaging in another mentally stimulating activity.  Just distract yourself with anything. The activity does not matter, what does matter is engaging in an activity that takes your mind off the craving.

#2 Mindfulness

The other, and in my opinion, more important and effective route is to actually sit with the discomfort of the craving without running away from it. This is a mindfulness activity. While this experience can be uncomfortable, it has been shown in research to be very effective and have long-lasting effects. Mindfulness is generally the practice of been self-aware and being in the present and it can be used to effectively deal with food craving. A research study at Indiana State University focuses on the effect of mindfulness before eating when or when cravings occur. The focus is on an individual’s awareness of beliefs, behaviors, and emotions associated with food intake. There are several ways by which you can practice mindfulness. My favorite way of doing this is to grab a pen and paper and write out the following:

  • What am I noticing about my emotions right now?
  • What am I noticing about my thinking right now (what thoughts am I experiencing)
  • What do I notice in my body (what sensations might I be experiencing)
  • What does my intuition tell me (the gut check)

Then observe. Watch how these things shift and change, become acutely aware of the shifting and changing and notice that by not giving in to the craving that the world is okay. At first, this will feel very difficult, but with regular practice, you can turn these cravings into milli-second automatic responses and move onto healthier choices.

In other words, do not rush through the cravings and or ignore them but rather be with them, make friends with your cravings. Just like an enemy, keep your friends close but your enemies’ closer. The more you know your cravings the less control they have over you and the less myterious and unexplainable they become. Then if your cravings still persist ask yourself the questions contained in this article:

https://healthytransformations.ca/4-important-questions-to-ask-yourself-before-eating-anything/

Remember, just because you have a craving doesn’t mean you need to act on your thoughts. It is also important to have healthy alternatives to suppress cravings. You can develop different strategies to overcome the urge to eat. For instance, you can think about the long-term negative effects or the immediate reward you gain by sticking to healthy food choices. Focusing on both your long-term and short-term health goals can also effectively help to curb the cravings.  I would suggest creating a plan around cravings. For example,

“When I am craving popcorn I will do [fill in the blank with lots of ideas of what you can do, including the two suggestions above].” Writing plans out has been shown to be more effective than thinking about them.

#3 Bacteria in the Gut

It is also important to note that cravings can also be caused by the imbalance in gut bacteria. Gut bacteria are known as “microbiome” and they are a critical part of the digestive system. These bacteria play an important role in the body by contributing to your overall well-being. However, not all bacteria in the body are harmless, specifically, there are some strains of bacteria that can cause you to crave what they need to survive such as sugar, carbs, candy, etc. that can be easily broken down and absorbed.  To deal with these harmful bacteria, you need to starve them off by minimizing the intake of sugar and carbs in your diet while consuming a probiotic supplement regularly to keep off the harmful bacteria.

#4 Tracking & Planning

I have found out that planning and tracking your food in a journal can be an effective way to curb food cravings. Endeavor to write down everything you eat throughout the day in a food journal. Most times we tend to consume food quickly and forget about them especially if we’re motivated to eat by cravings. But remembering that you’ll have to come back to your food journal may actually reduce your desire to eat it in the first place. With constant practice, you will find out that your ability to resist cravings will become stronger over time— just a muscle that is consistently trained. Think deeply about your habits and nutritional needs to find out whether there are some observable risk factors that can be eliminated to curb cravings and have a more satisfying appetite.

References

http://www.eecs.qmul.ac.uk/~ahsu/papers/Chi_iCrave_PostReviewFinal.pdf 

More Questions?

Feel free to reach out and ask us.

More About Christopher James Lawrence

Christopher James Lawrence is a Co-Founder of the Healthy Transformations Programwith Dr. Mike Breen.  He is also the Chief Value Officer and Founder of Change My Life Coaching and Co-Founder of Change My Business Coaching — a fast growing whole-life, leadership and business coaching company, and the only one of it’s kind.  He is also the author of “Go Beyond Passion: Discover Your Dream Job”.  Christopher is a Certified Master Coach Practitioner (CMCP), trainer and facilitator, and a passionate public speaker that truly cares about the success of each and every single person he comes into contact with. You can reach him here.