Vitamin D? How Much is Enough?

Vitamin D has really demonstrated itself to be beneficial in terms of the stimulation of immunity in a very general sense.

Hi again there folks, it’s Dr. Mike Breen here again from The Chiropractic Family Care Center, and The Healthy Transformations Program. Today, a little bit of information about vitamin D. Vitamin D is been on the radar for quite a while now, I’d say 15 to 20 years, in terms of a remarkable amount of science. Hundreds, if not thousands of peer reviewed studies in all of the major peer reviewed medical and health related journals have been formed on the benefits of vitamin D. And what’s really important is that vitamin D has really demonstrated itself to be beneficial in terms of the stimulation of immunity in a very general sense. And again, this relates to both innate immunity, adaptive immunity, autoimmunity, a whole number of things. And the studies that have been done have spanned all kinds of different health related issues. Whether it be heart or cardiac related research, cancer research, really, brain research. Everything really has been done in terms of the application of higher levels of vitamin D and E. Potential for it to improve health.

In 2015, the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, which is a branch of the US Department of Agriculture. So government driven group of scientists, a very austere group of scientists identified that in the United States, vitamin D deficiency was so significant that the recommendations were that every American, and this includes people in Florida, Arizona and California, take between 5,000 and 10,000 international units of vitamin D per day. I live in Canada here and being this far north, it’s probably likely that the number would be slightly higher than that. But that’s what the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee found. You can look that up yourself if you’re interested. Point being is that there’s been a lot of data sent out about the values being still back in 1,000, or in some cases, even less than 1,000 international units per day. And it doesn’t look like that’s really enough to produce the benefits that are being driven by the research that’s being shown.

And what’s also interesting is the interpretation again, that we don’t need to take supplemental vitamin D, because we get enough from the sun. And yet the very best data suggesting that the amount of skin exposure that you need to get adequate amounts of vitamin D is really quite significant. Meaning, full body exposure. So playing golf, for example, with your arms exposed from the elbows down, and your legs from your knees down, wearing a golf shirt and shorts is not enough. But we’re wearing hats, and we cover our face is not enough skin exposure to actually get enough vitamin D. In fact, it’s now just a couple weeks ago, I read a study that said that 80% of the people in California are vitamin D deficient, as well as vitamin D deficiency is starting to show itself in Africa, of all places. And why is that? Well, it’s because of the urbanization of culture. So many more people are moving into cities. And what goes on in cities is urban-related behaviors, which is wearing clothes and working inside and all those other kinds of things. So, vitamin D supplementation is very, very important. I’d encourage all of you to do that and to follow the recommendations of a group of people as well versed in this as the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. So, if you have questions about that, please don’t hesitate to reach out to me and I’d be happy to answer any more questions. Take care.

Toxicity

But the question becomes, if detox is necessary, how is it that I became toxic?

Hi there again folks, it’s Dr. Mike Breen here from the chiropractic family care center, as well as the healthy transformations program. Today I’m gonna chat a little bit about toxicity, this phenomemon that actually exists in virtually every single person. I’ve spoken earlier and at other times about the necessity to do detoxification or detox programs. But the question becomes, if detox is necessary how is it that I became toxic?

The answer is really the environment, the world in which we live. Colleagues of mine have said that from a toxicity perspective, you can run but you can’t hide. In time, we are going to be exposed to these types of things. There’s an organization in the United States called the Environmental Working Group, and over the course of the last number of years they have done tests on volunteers in the United States, where samples of blood are taken to determine the presence of toxic chemicals. At this point there are up to about 287 tests for different chemicals in the blood and they have yet to find a single substance that isn’t present in human blood. Which is not to say that every single person has all 287 and yet most people have most of them. What’s sad about that is that the rate of introduction of chemicals into our environment through industry manufacturing is, some suggest on the order of about 3000 per year, so we’re falling behind. But, evidence suggests that being exposed to these chemicals that come from our environment is having a really significant affect on our health and is one of the primary drivers of inflammation.

So, where do they come from? Each of the tests that I have followed done by the Environmental Working Group has found, that the number 1 most commonly found toxin, in human blood, is in fact flame retardants. To which some people shrug their shoulders and go, “flame retardants, seriously where does this stuff come from?” And the answer is all around us. It’s in building materials, and flooring, and carpet, and drywall. It’s in mattresses, and in blankets, and in children’s toys, and all kinds of different places. There has been a remarkable amount of work done to reduce the risk from fire and that’s not a bad thing, the trouble is that the attempt to do one thing has caused problem on the other side, and now we are exposed to these substances which are known carcinogens, or suspected carcinogens.

Toxicity occurs to light extent to a in our homes as well. From cookware products, and clothing, and all kinds of different things that you wouldn’t necessarily imagine so, things you can do in your home to reduce the urge to use environmental cleaners and really just start to investigate, the nature of what can cause these kinds of problems. So toxicity is just something we have to accept as just as being a common thing and yet we don’t have to just accept it, from the perspective of it is inevitable to stay in our bodies. Doing a detox program is a really, very important thing to do and my recommendation is that everyone ought to do at least one a year or, twice a year to really deal with the presence of toxicity that is in our environment. It’s a real thing, and we need to address it. If you have questions about this, please let me know www.drmichaelbreen.ca or www.healthytransformations.ca and I look forward to hearing from you. Take care, bye.

Ketosis, What Is It?

Ketones burn more cleanly, and we have less residue as a consequence of that.

Hi again, there, folks, Dr. Mike Breen here from the Chiropractic Family Care Centre and the Healthy Transformations program. A little video blog today about ketosis. Boy, this is a hot topic in nutrition and has been for the last few years. What is it? Everyone’s heard about the keto diet and without any kind of disparagement, a lot of people don’t know what the keto part means of the keto diet, and how are they supposed to? The keto part refers to ketones, and ketones are the byproduct of fat consumption. When we eat fats, our body, the liver, converts these fats into these energy packets, if you wanna call it that, and these are called ketones. Ketones then travel through the body to all of the cells, the ten trillion cells of our body, and can be used as a source of energy.

Now for the most part, because of our high-carbohydrate or sugar-laden diets, the cells of our body become more adapted to using sugar, or glycogen rather, for energy production, but cells have the capacity to use both sugar, I should say, either sugar or fat. In some cases, they can move back and forth fairly easy if they’re well-trained. But the whole process of the keto diet is to have a higher fat content and thereby get the cells prepared and adapted to the use of fats for energy.

Now an important point here is that ketosis is not the same as ketoacidosis. Some people have heard a little bit about ketoacidosis and how remarkably dangerous it is, and that’s the fact. And yet, ketoacidosis and ketosis are not the same thing. Ketoacidosis occurs when we have, in primarily in diabetics, when we have both high sugar and high ketone levels at exactly the same time, due to the failure of proper insulin production and the inability to drive sugars into the cells. So if you don’t have diabetes and you have normal pancreatic, or insulin function, ketoacidosis just won’t happen from consuming olive oil. So ketosis then is a cellular function whereby we use fats.

What’s the benefit? Well one of the things that’s interesting about ketosis is that the cells actually burn fat more efficiently than they burn carbohydrates. If you can think of it like a car, and that when the body’s actually burning ketones, the amount of exhaust that’s actually produced from the car, which is us, is much less than the exhaust that comes from the burning of carbohydrate, or sugar, or glycogen. Our bodies use sugars fairly, reasonably well, and yet the consequence of that produces free radicals which then leads to inflammatory states and a whole bunch of other things, whereas ketones burn more cleanly and we have less residue as a consequence of that. So that’s one of the reasons why ketosis is valuable.

The other thing that’s quite interesting is that, that I suggested just a moment ago, is that the use of sugar from an engine perspective, leads to an increase of cellular inflammation. It’s a complex relationship between sugar and insulin, and a number of other factors that actually lead to this effective called, chronic low-grade cellular inflammation. When we consume our fats and get into a state of ketosis, that phenomenon goes down to a large extent. So reducing sugars in the diet and increasing fats is a very, very valuable way to improve your health. And so, ketosis then, really just refers to the nature of what energy system the cells are using, and the keto diet is one way to get to that. If you’d like more information about this, please reach out to myself at drmichaelbreen.ca. Or at the Healthy Transformations website, healthytransformations.ca. See you soon, bye.

Detoxification

Detox does not have to be something that is considered to be ritualistic or odd in any way, shape or form.

Good day there, folks. Dr. Mike Breen here one more time from the Chiropractic Family Care Centre and the Healthy Transformations program. In this video blog, I’m gonna talk a little bit about detoxification. Detox is something that is remarkably misunderstood by a whole lot of people. Detoxification includes things traditionally like even bloodletting or fasting and a whole bunch of other phenomena including enemas and all kinds of different things and yet the process of what’s called cellular detoxification is in itself a remarkably scientifically studied process. The understanding of how cells actually detoxify their own environment has been studied for a very, very long period of time and all kinds of biochemists have come to really understand not only the importance of detoxification but the actual processes by which it actually takes place.

So detox does not have to be something that is considered to be ritualistic or odd in any way, shape or form. It is really a very scientific process and yet there are all kinds of different approaches in which people and even practitioners will describe that people are getting detox effects when in fact they’re not getting that at all. One of the key things to understand about detox is that there’s three distinct steps that actually take place within cells of your body when detox is taking place. They’re called activation, conjugation and elimination. A, C and E or what I like to call the ACE process. Again, activation, conjugation and elimination.

Activation is the process of really identifying toxins in the body. Sometimes I suggest that it’s like putting a neon light on a toxin that’s in the body and particularly in the cell membranes is where many of them actually exist. Conjugation is the binding then to these activated toxins or the toxins with the neon lights if you can imagine a little water balloon surrounding the toxin and that’s an important point because getting the toxin to become a water soluble substance as opposed to a fat soluble substance is a very important step in detox and then elimination is pretty obvious. The majority of the elimination actually occurs by urinary function, a little bit by digestive or fecal function, some by breathing in fact and yet most of it’s urinary.

So what’s really key is that from a biochemical perspective, the activation step is actually the easiest biochemically speaking. It involves less nutrient and less, fewer biochemical steps. So the activation takes place really quite easily. Conjugation is in fact the most complex step of these. So when detoxes are not done properly or you’re not using proper materials, what can happen is the toxins become activated but they don’t become captured or conjugated and some of the science is actually suggesting that an activated toxin becomes up to 50 times more toxic in this activated state than it was when you just left it in the membrane. So activating them without conjugating them is a really disastrous step and how do you know if that’s happened? Well, quite honestly, you feel awful, you feel horrible and that’s one of the most common misconceptions about the detoxification process is that when people feel awful, they go, wow, this detox is really working while in fact it suggests that it’s not working. A detox done well is really to the greatest extent an asymptomatic process when the conjugation step and the elimination is keeping up with the activation. So you really want to use very, very good materials to do a detox process and if you have questions about how that should be done, please reach out to me on my website, drmichaelbreen.ca or the Healthy Transformations website, healthytransformations.ca. We’d be happy to give you more information on how to do this and do it well.

Cellular Communication

When we are ill, the body gets caught up in a process where so many different functions and biochemicals are trying to exert their influence, so to speak, on the nature of the body.

Hi again, folks, Dr. Mike Breen here from the Chiropractic Family Care Centre and the Healthy Transformations Program. Today, I’m gonna chat a little bit about cellular communication, and that’s something that not too many people have heard about and yet, it’s foundational to the way our bodies actually work and how they function. Best way to explain it, I think, is right now, I’m speaking to you and you’re listening to me. I’m speaking in English, you’re making sense of the noises that are coming out of me, and you convert those noises into a level of understanding. In this case, perhaps there’s some knowledge that comes out of this, but that’s the language between human beings. But within our bodies, the language is the language of biochemistry. Different biochemicals speak or give instructions to other biochemicals or to other cellular or body structures to inform them of what it is that they want them to do. This is oftentimes just referred to as metabolism, but metabolism really is a very, very complex communication system.

What’s interesting about that is that when we’re sick, the communication that’s going on in the body is much like a shouting match. Dr. Jeffrey Bland described this so, so well in his book “The Disease Delusion,” and describing essentially that when we are ill, the body gets caught up in a process where so many different functions and biochemicals are trying to exert their influence, so to speak, on the nature of the body.

Conversely, when we’re healthy, communication is very clear and it’s very simple. Much of this is driven by the process of cellular inflammation. And when cellular inflammation exists by way of food and by way of toxicity, a storm of information takes place, which causes the body to be confused and malinformed. A whole bunch of different things take place, but to the greatest extent, the message is that there’s a lotta yelling and a lotta shouting going on in the body. What we’re looking for is calmness and sereneness within the body, and that happens when we’re well. I let people know that when we’re eating food, what are we doing?

There’s quite an emphasis on food for calories and food for being full and food for nutrition, which is not untrue. And yet, I described to people the importance of this. When we eat, what are we doing? We’re actually giving our body instructions. The food that we consume goes into our body, into our gut, and absorption takes place, chemicals are produced, and these are the instructions that get our body to do the things we want them to do.

So in fact, we produce health, which is a calmness of communication, by a number of mechanisms, but probably the most important is what we actually put between our lips. Doing this properly leads to improved cellular communication by way of reduced inflammation, and if a person’s having a really poor diet, you know, Twinkies for breakfast, lunch, and dinner, really all you’re doing is creating this noise in your body that ultimately leads to stress and ill health. So something to consider. What kind of communication, what kind of talk do you want in your body? Do you have the opportunity to choose that? And to a large extent, you can. Really, it happens as a consequence of the foods that we consume. Certainly, that’s what we teach people in the Healthy Transformations Program. So if you have questions about this, please let me know, drmichaelbreen.ca or HealthyTransformations.ca. We’d be happy to give you more information on this topic or any other. Take care.

Wuts In Your Guts? The Microbiome

Hello folks, Dr. Michael Breen here with the Healthy Transformations program and you’re on healthytransformations.ca. Just wanted to spend a couple minutes talking to you about truly one of the most fascinating areas of contemporary science that we’re dealing with and that is the topic of the microbiome. Microbiome refers to the constellation of microorganisms that exist in and on our body but particularly microbiome makes reference to the microorganisms that exist in our gastrointestinal tract. Volume is a very interesting thing to consider. It’s estimated that a human body has about 10 trillion cells. That’s a lot of cells that make up the human body, and yet the number of microorganisms, depending on which research and who you listen to, the microbiome may in fact have 100 trillion microorganisms. So there’s 10 times as many bugs or critters on us or in us as there is human cells. So the really forward-thing science editorial people are saying, who’s in charge here? What is actually driving health? What’s driving disease? What’s controlling our physiology? It may be in fact that the microorganisms have more to do with this than what we’ve ever thought possible.

One of the other things that’s really interesting to me is that many of these organisms, bacteria, have DNA and the DNA that they have represents 99% of the total genetic influence that exists in our bodies. So we used to think that our genes determined our outcome. We know now that that’s not true but it might actually even be that it’s the genes of the bugs that are determining our outcome. Bottom line is this. Having a healthy microbiome is fundamentally important to having optimal health. If you’re not doing the things that are required to optimize your microbiome, then you can’t be possibly as healthy as you may want to be. What are those things, what do you do? Well, the whole model of taking probiotics has been one of them. That’s the consumption of these bugs and that’s been around for a long time but it certainly is gaining steam. I can tell you this, that the bugs that are in your gut and in mine eat the food that we eat. So what goes between my lips and goes down, the bugs get first dibs at it and if the food that I’m eating is lousy food, then the bugs are gonna produce lousy outcomes and if the food that I eat is really good, then the microbiome will take that good food and turn it into all kinds of remarkable chemicals that actually lead to terrifically good health outcomes. So the Healthy Transformations program actually addresses this as part of the dietary modeling that we use. If you’d like to learn more about the Healthy Transformations program, go to the website and try to attend one of our workshops. We have a few more to go in December, in January. Our class fills up really rapidly but we’d love to have you join us and learn more about how a healthy microbiome can drive health in you and your family.

Phyto What? That’s Right, Phytonutrients.

Hello, folks, Dr. Michael Breen here with healthytransformations.ca. The Healthy Transformations program is run by myself and Christopher Lawrence. If you’re having issues related to your health, overweightness, obesity, and really are looking for change, the Healthy Transformations is really the program that will help you get past these issues. I wanna take a couple minutes and talk about a concept called phytonutrition. Phyto, P-H-Y-T-O. And it means plant, is really what it boils down to. One thing that’s been consistent in nutritional science for at least three decades, it’s probably more like four or five decades, is that plant-based diets have consistently demonstrated themselves to be those that lead to better health outcomes. Now, plant-based doesn’t necessarily mean vegetarian. It means that a predominance off the volume of the food that you’re getting is actually coming from plant sources.

Now, what’s interesting about this is that science that has developed since the year 2000, maybe 2005, has in fact identified why this may be the case. And it boils down to these chemicals that are generally very, very broad classification, but called phytonutrients. So nutritional-based chemicals that come from plant sources. What’s been identified, Dr. Jeffrey Bland, who is the leader of the Personalized Lifestyle Medicine Institute and one of the very, very top researchers in the field of functional medicine, was involved in this research back in the early 2000s, and in fact stated that in his career, this was probably the single most important scientific discovery that he had been involved with. And that was the identification of this, that these chemicals that come from plants get into our bodies after we consume plant-based materials, it’s digested, the phytonutrients are expressed with the help of the microbiome. They travel throughout our body and they go to cells, and these phytonutrients actually initiate a series of biochemical events in the cell that actually lead directly to genetic influence. And that is big stuff. The phyto nutrients attach to the cells, the cells then respond to the presence of the phyto nutrients, they use that information to send signals to the nucleus, which is where the genes and the DNA of our body resides, and this influence leads to positive health outcomes. The importance of this can’t be overstated. It is a big, big deal.

What is the bottom line? We need to actually consume significant amounts of plant-based material to be able to drive the effect where our genetic potential is expressed through the food that we eat. You’ll learn all about that stuff in the Healthy Transformations program, and we would be very, very happy to help you out. So go to the website, and sign up for one of the workshops, and we’d be happy to help you out.

 

Is Your Health a Curve, or a Rectangle?

Hello, folks, Dr. Mike Breen here, with the Healthy Transformations program, and you’re watching on healthytransformations.ca. Myself and Christopher Lawrence run the Healthy Transformations program, which is a program of dietary modification for weight loss and health optimization. And one of the reasons we run the program, is because we’re dealing with a really serious problem in our culture, and that is the reality, and also the sense, that as people get older, that they are bound to suffer from ill health. There is so much chronic disease in our culture in fact, the World Health Organization just identified that 89%, that’s almost nine out of 10 people in Canada, will die of a chronic disease. And what’s important about that, is that chronic diseases don’t take you out in a week, or a month, or a year. They take many, many years before you reach your demise.

So what it really boils down to, is this sense of consistent loss of health. And I’m gonna represent that just in a little graph here if you bear with me. So what we have across the bottom here is age, and what we have on this side is healthfulness. And what happens in our culture, to a very large extent, is people are born, we presume, and hopefully that’s the case, where children have given at least a fighting chance, with high level of health, but then it declines consistently and gradually, over the course of time. So this might represent age 20, and you’re still actually pretty healthy, but there’s 30, there’s 40, there’s 50, and you can see exactly the point. By the time you get to middle age, we’re already suffering, to a very large extent, from ill health.

The principle that we like to put forward, and this is something that is within a lot of scientific literature, this is just not something that’s made up, this is a real phenomenon, and it’s called the rectangularization of health decline, meaning that instead of having a curvilinear health decline, that health decline doesn’t have to be like this. In fact, you can live a life where you start from the same point, and health declines much more slowly than this, you get over to a certain point, and then you have a more rapid loss. So, living a life that’s full and vibrant for a long period of time, getting an infection at a very advanced age, living longer, as you can see down here, but what the important point is, is that all of this stuff here, that shaded area right there, is quality of life. That’s the ability for people to enjoy their life, to travel, to play with grandkids, and to be vibrant throughout their life. It’s something that is absolutely possible, and it can be initiated through proper health patterning, particularly health patterning that is associated with food. We underestimate the power that food has in terms of being able to drive healthfulness, and the Healthy Transformations program does exactly that. So if you’re interested in actually taking a pathway that rectangularizes your health decline, then the Healthy Transformations is the program for you.

Obesity, Weight Loss and Weight Gain

Hello, folks. Dr. Michael Breen here speaking on the healthytransformations.ca website. I just wanted to make some comments, brief ones, about the phenomenon of weight loss and weight gain I guess is part of that. Overweightness and obesity is plaguing the Western, the industrialized, the industrialized world and in fact, it’s plaguing a great deal of the world right now. Data on overweightness and obesity is consistently reporting that greater than 50% of the population in many, many countries is either overweight or obese meaning that if you are of normal weight that you’re actually in the minority which is a very, very unusual kind of consideration. What’s important to note is that overweightness has been mismanaged to a very great extent for a long period of time. A whole model of weight gain or weight loss being the management of calories has been demonstrated to be in fact incorrect. It’s called the energy balance model and it’s been shown to be incorrect at best and in fact harmful at worst in many circumstances. Recidivism which is the rate of weight loss and then gaining weight, weight gain again based upon behaviors is remarkably high and it’s because the model actually doesn’t work. Truly, weight gain is the consequence of inflammatory phenomena that take place in the body. We now see weight gain, overweightness and obesity as actually one of the symptoms of an inflammatory phenomena much like the symptoms of chronic disease, Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative disease. These things are all bunched together and weight gain is part of that. In fact, fatty liver disease is now being bunched into this category as well.

 

So what’s really important for people who are dealing with weight related issues is that they actually get the very best advice that they can on how to manage this stuff and the management is really by an anti-inflammatory dietary program. The Healthy Transformations program that I run along with Christopher Lawrence is really focused on addressing that particular problem. That is what we do. I invite you to stay on this website, look around a little bit. That’s healthytransformations.ca and find out what you can about weight gain, weight loss and whether it relates to your circumstance and then when that’s the case, please reach out to us. We have workshops that we run. We have a few more to do in December here of 2019. Our program starts in January of 2020 and we’ve helped dozens and dozens of people lose weight and lose it for long periods at a time. So healthytransformations.ca.  Reach out, we’d be happy to help.

 

Food Causes Acute Inflammation

Hello folks, Dr. Mike Breen here at HealthyTransformations.ca and the Healthy Transformations Program. Just wanted to give you another little video posting or video blog about another concept that is really foundational to understanding the Healthy Transformations Program and particularly how food can be the most powerful tool in restoring the healthfulness in many people, yourselves perhaps, who are suffering from ill health and other kinds of problems. The principle is how is it that inflammation is actually caused by sugar? Well let’s go back to a little bit of a drawing, a little bit of a graph here. What I’m gonna draw is what we call a blood sugar curve and what that is, is if a person was exposed to a single exposure of sugar, it could be a chocolate bar. It could be a can of pop or something like that, and presuming that they hadn’t had any sugar for a long period of time, or what we call a fasting blood glucose test. They’re not done that much anymore, but they used to be quite popular. You’d get a curve that was like this. So blood sugars are on here and this is time across the bottom. So the blood sugars as a consequence of being exposed to a sugar dose here would rise up like this then they would come back down to a lower point. So pretty typical. These are kinds of curves that are in every single physiology text book that every medical doctor, chiropractor, naturopath, osteopath, nurse has ever studied.

How is it that the blood sugars go up? Well that’s just from the absorption of the materials. How is it that in fact it goes down? That’s in response to insulin. So insulin would have a curve, and this is not exactly 100% accurate, but insulin would rise. And as the insulin rises it actually initiates an effect. There’s a time delay here, which would drive the blood sugar back down. And as the blood sugar goes down then the insulin secretion from the pancreas goes down as well and things go back to normal. Now typically this would take somewhere between 90 minutes perhaps or two hours or something like that. Again, when we were looking at these things in our textbooks we saw that this was normal function. And yet, just because the body can do that doesn’t mean that it ought to do that. This is actually a very stressful thing for the body as it turns out. Having blood sugars rise this rapidly, actually and having insulin that is commenced right with that actually drives what’s called the acute inflammatory response.

So when you eat foods and you drive insulin up, inflammatory influences take place. Now the interesting thing is that the acute inflammatory response, and how would you know what that is? Well if you’ve ever been bit by a bee or you’ve got a sliver in your foot, or something like that again, you get soreness and you get redness and you get swelling. That’s an acute inflammatory response, but it happens in our body just the same as it happens outside of our body, and it happens in response to the consumption of food. The interesting point is this, the inflammatory response doesn’t take 90 minutes to two hours to resolve. The inflammatory response goes up and acute inflammatory response will last from 12 to 72 hours. So what’s important about that is that each time we consume a sugar we’re going to produce an acute inflammatory response. If we only ever ate one chocolate bar or one pop and then we didn’t do it for weeks or months on end, then it wouldn’t be a big deal. But the majority of people don’t do that. They’re actually consuming sugars on such a regular basis that in fact we get a curve that looks more like this. A person wakes up. They have something that’s sweet. They wait for a while. They have something else, some cereal. Then they’re having timbits perhaps at work, and then they’re having a big fat sandwich, and this is a bit of an exaggeration, but you get the message. What goes along with this are insulin responses that basically mimic the blood sugar levels and then this is an acute inflammatory response followed by another, followed by another, followed by another, and people do this day after day week after week, month after month. They do it throughout their lifetime, and as a consequence you get an inflammatory effect that actually goes on for life. And that’s what produces chronic diseases, that exact phenom. You want to learn more about that sign up for our work shop at the Healthy Transformations Program or get in contact with Christopher Lawrence or myself. We’d be happy to let you know more about it.